The brand new US vitamin information emphasizes steadiness in life

December 29, 2020 – The new dietary guidelines for Americans were released on Tuesday. They provide advice on eating as they are in their life, including information about babies from birth to 2 years old for the first time since 1985.

The guidelines were published by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Health, and Human Services and are intended to reflect government advice for the next 5 years. While a panel of experts met to help develop guidelines calling for limits on added sugar and alcohol, federal officials chose not to include these proposals.

“Make Every Bite Count” is the theme of the ninth edition of the guidelines, which have been published every five years since 1980. Publication is required by the National Nutrition Monitoring and Related Research Act 1990. The guidelines are used to develop, set in place, and evaluate federal food, nutrition, and health policies, as well as help people eat healthily.

“Science tells us it’s never too early or too late to eat healthy,” said Dr. Admiral Brett Giroir, Assistant Secretary of Health, at an event Tuesday where the guidelines were unveiled. The focus should be on healthy eating habits; Not a single food, but how all of the foods and drinks a person consumes add up over time. “The new guidelines also make a point of taking personal preferences, cultural traditions and budgets into account.

The new guidelines continue to support many of the recommendations from earlier ones, says Connie Diekman, a St. Louis registered nutritionist and advisor on food and nutrition and past president of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. “Science continues to support the evidence for leaner, lower-fat, and more plant-based foods,” she says.

She welcomed the updated, specific information for infants and young children. Information for this group is urgently needed, she says. “This group [making the recommendations] has tackled that, and it’s not an easy problem. “

Four guidelines

Four basic guidelines are recommended, including:

  • Follow a healthy diet at every stage of life from birth through adulthood. The guidelines provide specific information by phase.
  • Customize the food and drinks you eat and drink to suit your personal preferences, traditions and budget.
  • Focus on meeting the needs of food groups with nutritious foods and beverages while adhering to calorie limits. (The guidelines provide examples of typical or nutrient-rich foods. For example, regular, low-fat fruit yogurt is nutrient-dense; full-fat yogurt with added sugar is typical.) Food groups include vegetables, fruits, grains, dairy, and fortified soy alternatives, and proteins.
  • Limit foods and beverages that contain more sugar, saturated fats, and sodium. And limit alcoholic beverages.

Updated information for infants, toddlers

From birth to 1 year or longer, if desired, only breast milk is preferred. If not available, use iron-fortified infant formula. Provide extra vitamin D soon after giving birth.

Nutrient-rich foods can be started at 6 months of age, including potentially allergenic foods. A variety of foods from all food groups are needed, and foods rich in iron and zinc should be included.

Added sugars, saturated fats, sodium, alcohol

As before, officials recommend that most of a person’s daily calories come from nutrient-rich choices, with little room left for added sugar, saturated fat, sodium, or alcoholic beverages. The recommended limit values ​​are:

  • Less than 10% of the calories from added sugars from the age of 2. Avoid added sugar before the age of 2.
  • Less than 10% of the daily calories from saturated fatty acids from the age of 2.
  • Less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium per day; less for children under 14 years.
  • No more than two alcoholic drinks per day or less for men and one for women.

The panel of experts had recommended lower limits for sugar and alcohol, but officials said Tuesday that science has not yet confirmed that recommendation.

Diet through older stages of life

The guidelines also contain recommendations for other phases of life. Including:

  • With 41% of children aged 2 to 18 years being overweight or obese, the emphasis should be on eating to make weight gain easier while supporting normal growth and development. Physical activity should be encouraged.
  • Physical activity and healthy eating are also encouraged for adults between 19 and 59 years of age. Aim for 150-300 minutes of moderate physical activity and muscle building activity weekly.

  • For pregnant and breastfeeding women, the report provides guidelines on changing caloric needs and managing weight.
  • Adults aged 60 and over have lower calorie needs but similar or higher nutritional needs.

Putting the recommendations into practice

In the guidelines, the appendix contains the calorie requirements for all age groups and for three physical activity levels.

Along with the guidelines, public health officials published a variety of resources to help people implement the guidelines. At, users can view their current eating routine and select options to switch to decisions that are nutritionally better.

WebMD Health News


U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Department of Health: Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2020-2025.

Connie Diekman, registered nutritionist, food, and nutritionist, and past president of the St. Louis Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

Press conference, U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Department of Health, December 29, 2020.

Press Release, USDA, HHS: “Every Bite Counts: USDA, HHS Releases Nutritional Guidelines For Americans, 2020-2025.”

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